The Future of Education | John Tsang | TEDxTongChongSt

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John shared his thoughts on why we need new ways of learning, delivering and acquiring knowledge, as we head into a world of intelligent machines. He wishes everyone of us to rethink the role of teachers, how the curriculum, the assessment and the school should be redesigned; and how public monies should be allocated to enable people to learn continuously throughout their entire life span. Born and raised in Hong Kong, John emigrated to the U.S. when he was a high school student. He studied architecture at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, completed master degrees in Bilingual Education at Boston State College and in Public Administration at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. He taught at the Boston Public Schools.
John returned to work as an Administrative Officer in the Hong Kong Government in 1982. He took up a number of posts related to commerce and finance. He was appointed as Commissioner of Customs and Excise, Secretary for Planning and Lands, Secretary for Commerce, Innovation and Technology, Director of the Chief Executive’s Office and in 2007, Financial Secretary. He was a Chief Executive candidate in 2017.
John is the Founder of Esperanza, a nonprofit organisation; Vice Chairman of Ion Pacific; Senior Advisor of Bowtie, a virtual insurance company; host of a weekly music program on Commercial Radio; and the fencing coach of La Salle College. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx <br> <h3>Auto Generated Captions</h3>

no looking around seems that I’m the
oldest guy here right and as the oldest
guy you have the privilege of to say
something like half a century ago you
can say that I’m I loved saying that but
actually this is how I’m going to start
my talk half a century ago I was senior
in high school I was seen a haiku in
public school in New York actually
precisely half a year ago I’m half a
century ago 1969 I was a high school
senior in public school in New York City
being a senior in in American high
school is a great thing you don’t have
too much to do in that whole year
because basically you have completed all
your coursework everything is done and
nothing left basically and and I was
just taking a few AP courses advanced
placement courses because at that time
everybody is so keen to finish college
as soon as possible
so if you take your AP courses you can
probably get rid of their entire
freshman year you don’t have to take
anything thereafter but for all the
seniors actually for especially for
those of us who were going away for
college there’s one single important
agenda item and that is to ditch the
boyfriend or the girlfriends so during
the year there were a lot of crying’s
and there were a lot of parties and but
we had a good time on that and besides
that we were taking the college sports
every one of us and because we believed
that the more times that we take the
College Board’s you improve your scores
your SATs or achievement tests and that
would look better on your college
application and of course we were all
busy applying to colleges filling out
different college applications and so
forth it was a very important thing
everybody was doing that and we got to
go to college but why do we need to go
to call
we would start questioning because at
that time half a century ago going to
college was sort of the add the
admission to the American middle class
this is your admission ticket to the
American middle class if you don’t go to
college you can never get to that
suburban utopia so we were doing that
but but now you know look looking you
know in the present day when we start
looking at what happened in the past a
lot of these things have changed and all
of these things they have changed
because of the technologies that have
been developing and a lot of the
technologies just don’t happen all at
once it’s just that but different pieces
come came together in the last few years
and a lot of the things started to
accelerate and because of the advent of
technology we seeing a lot of different
changes now people are questioning
whether you really need to go to college
some of the riches entrepreneurs in the
world now never finished college and but
in fact even more important is that a
college degree
it’s not a surrogate anymore for all the
requisite requirements for any
particular jobs and but more more
interestingly it has changed so much the
whole whole job concept is getting
changed
Oxford University did a study there long
ago saying that in a matter of a decade
or two some 50 percent some half of our
jobs will be gone naturally I mean that
had happened before happened during the
Industrial Revolution when manufacturing
jobs started taking over from a lot of
the agricultural base in industries and
at that time you know people were
worried they’d leave their farms are
they gonna have enough jobs for them
they did and so and also in Hong Kong
if you
remember back in 60s 70s we were
basically a manufacturing city as well
and we became a service city now 93% 94%
of our GDP is services so that changed
but people goes through a period of an
uncertainty going from one phase to
another what are they going to do and I
think you’re and and Institute for the
future came up with another study saying
that by the year 2030 which is not that
far away some 85% of the jobs at that
time have not even been invented yet so
how are we going to prepare ourselves
for that future because the future is
still so uncertain but so what this all
involves is really goes back to
education we need to train our to try to
provide an education for our for the
next generation so that they could
really face the future of which is
filled with a lot of a lot of
uncertainty how do we do that because
currently the education systems that we
have is really out of date because
basically they are still 19th century
using 19th century curriculum basically
from the Industrial Age area you just
look at the classroom from a 19th
century Industrial Revolution type of
classroom and the classroom most of the
classrooms that we have now they’re
basically the same so we are using 19th
century curriculum with teachers who are
largely trained in the 20th century to
prepare our future generation to face
uncertainties and challenges in a 21st
century so it’s not too difficult for
you to see the dilemma that that we are
in and it all has to do
with education so this thing we would
really need to change all of that and
it’s not a simple thing to do it’s not a
simple thing to do because we we need to
change the entire system it would be
easier if the government were to
recognize that and to do it on the
top-down basis because just send out an
edict and change everything but I have
been a bureaucrat so I think I’m in a
position to tell you that as a
bureaucrat do we know that Gulf
governments as well as particularly
education departments are like aircraft
carriers huge massive and you ask them
to turn around takes a long time to turn
around and as they turn around they set
off a lot of waves a lot of these waves
I would see them as waves of ideology
and things that we may not like to see
when it does turn around but it does
take a long time so I think it would be
the matter would have to go to Leda to
the communities and which is in in fact
I think it’s the appropriate thing to do
Edelman came out with a trust index they
do that every year and then this year
they came out of the trust index and
it’s quite clear that people’s trust in
government as well as in firm’s
enterprises as well as in the media have
fallen consistently but people are
becoming more trusting in a lot of the
non-government organizations and and I
think the governmental can organizations
can start taking a much bigger role in
reimagining what education should be
like and that’s going to be a very
important task but they’re not able to
do it in a wholesale basis letter
government will be able to do they would
have to do it a small slice at a time
coming up with different alternative
types of Education
to modality so that this and when all
these little slices added together we
may be able to see a movement for change
and it’s actually against this sort of
background that I have
I found it a non-government organisation
together with Rachel last last year last
August
Esperanza Esperanza is a Spanish word
that means hope and our Chinese name is
soup in song song say and it is
underlines collaboration which is
important
originally we wanted to call it hop joke
there but we found out that hop jockster
requires the approval of the chief
executive I said okay
I said we should change the name so hmm
but it’s okay I think it really comes
out with you know what we intend to do
and so come Chong say is good and when
we started we started with a lot of
community meetups with different people
from the community at different
different sectors parents teachers
school administrators academics NGOs and
so forth and just to get a much better
idea how how do you want this thing to
to progress that went quite well and
then a few months ago we we started with
a sort of a pilot of a local reimagine
education challenge we asked NGOs as
well as some startups in Hong Kong to
submit proposals to us of different
alternative education suggestions and
know we will receive a lot more
proposals than we had expected more than
we can handle in a way so we sort of
slocked through that and and we had
in levels of screening and and finally
we found the four best proposals among
them and we’re helping this force s of
people to to find mentors to hopefully
find some funders and try to help them
scale up in this exercise and hopefully
we’ll be able to maybe in the future
opportunity we can ask them to come here
and and tell you a little bit more about
what they did what they actually do
quite exciting and meanwhile we are also
trying to raise some money because we
want to do an international challenge
next year try to bring in some
suggestions from different parts of the
world not necessarily from from the
really advanced economies but maybe from
Nordic countries from Eastern Europe or
South East Asia different places where
they have more source of good ideas to
bring in so we try to do that and at the
same time we are now organizing some
community meetups our first one will
focus on early childhood education we
were planning to have it in December but
I’ve given the current situation we
maybe have to postpone that to January
and in the future we want to do other
topics like special education needs or
upscaling of the workforce because I
think that’s going to be a very big area
of an interest in in the future as Perez
that does have an membership system and
if you’re interested you can take a look
at our website and find out and if
you’re interested in meeting some
like-minded people who are passionate
about education for for the children and
I think you know a lot of the young
parents that particularly interested in
what we do and we do have a lot of
responses from them so because I do
believe that
with everybody’s help with everybody
together working together I think we can
make a much better Hong Kong thank you
very much

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