Future (of) Buildings | Faris Nizamić | TEDxFerhadija


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Faris Nizamic is an innovator and entrepreneur with experience in research, business development, investments, and matchmaking. He was selected by The Dutch Financial Times among the top 50 young entrepreneurial talents under 35 who set the innovation tone in the Netherlands and beyond. Together with his team, Faris was awarded numerous titles for a highly innovative starting company, the most important of which was the Pioneers Community Award and two times Green Mind Award. Faris Nizamic is an innovator and entrepreneur with experience in research, business development, investments, and matchmaking. He was selected by The Dutch Financial Times among the top 50 young entrepreneurial talents under 35 who set the innovation tone in the Netherlands and beyond. Together with his team, Faris was awarded numerous titles for a highly innovative starting company, the most important of which was the Pioneers Community Award and two times Green Mind Award.

Faris was born in Sarajevo where he graduated as an electrical engineer at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering. He co-founded a Local Committee of Electrical Engineering Students’ European Association in Sarajevo, which enabled hundreds of students to travel across Europe, exchange knowledge and ideas and broaden their views. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at https://www.ted.com/tedx <br> <h3>Auto Generated Captions</h3>

why are we using more resources than we
need why do we save energy
at our home but not at our workplace why
are our phones smart but our buildings
are not smart yet and what can we do to
slow down the climate change these were
some of the questions that were at the
center of my exploration and for the
past 10 years I have worked extensively
on topic of how to make buildings smart
energy efficient and therefore also
sustainable so today I’m going to share
with you one vision vision that can
significantly improve our world but
first how did I actually get passionate
about this topic I was born and raised
here in Sarajevo and there I also spent
time between 1992 to 1995 during the
wartime and this period was very
relevant for me because I learned what
it means to live without too many
resources for example electricity gas
warmth or water so I started to respect
those resources because you never know
if you will have them today after
luckily today we live in an abundance of
resources so we really don’t feel a need
to save we just have electricity gas
water every day at all times but we
should remember that we live on the
earth that is finite and one day maybe
very soon we may start lacking some of
these resources so that’s why we should
not waste we should this is very
rational we should use only really what
we need
so in 2011 I have moved to the
Netherlands to do my PhD in computer
science and the main topic of the PhD
was smart energy systems for sustainable
buildings and there I met Tuan this is
Tuan and he’s also today here with us
Tuan comes from Vietnam and back then he
was my PhD fellow this was in 2012 and
today he is my business partner Tuan
shame shared the same vision and that is
he also wanted to reduce energy that is
wasted in buildings with the help of
smart software and this is a building
where we worked and we spent most of our
time there and honestly we were not very
happy to see how energy is used in this
it was very advanced building with a
very expensive building management
system but still a lot of energy was
wasted lights stayed on when everyone
was already gone
same for heating and also the PC stayed
on after students were out sometimes
even during the weekend so we thought
back then we were in 2012 and a lot of
technology was available we wanted to
change this so what we did we gathered a
team amazing team supported by investors
and we decided let us solve this
important problem but why is this
problem actually important well we spent
about 90% of our time in buildings just
as we do at this moment so it’s a
significant portion of our life that is
inside we spend time in different type
of buildings so for example at homes in
residential buildings but also at work
in office buildings at universities
schools banks theaters and so on and all
of these buildings use energy
use energy for lighting for heating
cooling ventilation and so on and what
we notice is that not a lot of people
really care about energy that’s being
used so we can see situations like this
that during that night when nobody’s
around lights are still burning if you
look a little bit the stats and we will
see that in the European Union Buildings
are responsible for about 40% of total
energy that is consumed 40 percent other
60 percent is used in industry for
transportation construction and so on
and those buildings are also responsible
for 36 percent of co2 emissions in the
European Union and worldwide this number
goes up to 40 percent so a lot of co2 in
our atmosphere comes from buildings and
actually we should not forget that this
energy has to be produced somewhere and
in most of the cases it is produced in
power plants that are still using fossil
fuels and they are polluting our air and
that is something that is actually what
was clearly visible here in Sarajevo for
many many years so if we look at the co2
in our atmosphere we will see that these
levels are higher than they were ever
before so and these levels are
constantly rising this is affecting that
temperature and the earth is increasing
and it’s also affecting so have a lot of
natural disasters around the world and
those disasters are such as floods and
those floods we also unfortunately
experienced here in Balkans not that
long time ago so we are definitely the
first generation to feel the impact of
climate change and perhaps the last
generation that can do something about
it as mr. Obama underlined so we thought
let us do something about it and firstly
we performed a research and what we
learned is that about 30 percent of the
energy that is used
in buildings is unnecessarily used which
means it can be saved 30% this is large
percentage in some buildings more and
some buildings less but it’s a great
opportunity so if we could capture this
opportunity we could actually leave
significant positive impact to our
environment so we ensure better future
for ourselves and for our children for
example in the Netherlands Dutch
government is taking some serious
measures to reduce energy consumption in
their country so what we can see a lot
of cities have made policies that they
want to become energy neutral or co2
neutral in next 10 to 15 years that
means that they want to balance the
consumption with the Renewable
production of energy besides that they
have some other policies that they made
so for example all the existing
buildings like this one have to become
energy label see by year 2023 which
means that the owners of buildings have
to significantly invest to improve
buildings to bring it to that energy
efficiency level all the newly built
buildings have to become energy label a
which means the highest level of energy
efficiency and otherwise their owners
will not get loans from banks and they
need that and last but not least the
policy is there that all the large
consumers have to report to the
government about the actual consumption
and the measures that they took to
improve their buildings so this is one a
great example that a lot of governments
will need to follow soon if we want to
achieve the goals from the Paris
agreement so what we did together with
our team we developed software which
facilitates that facilitates this
process and helps all the involved
stakeholders to achieve those savings
goals and to make it much easier for
them so it’s also fun almost like a game
so they can track the progress on their
way towards more sustainable buildings
but actually to solve this
problem we should look at where this
problem is coming from and firstly we
see that it’s coming from from us
building users that is clearly visible
from the measurements so from the
measurements we can clearly see that
energy starts to be used when people are
inside of the building and when people
are outside much less energy is used
that energy is also used by the systems
in building and those systems can be for
example systems that provide us with
sufficient light with a comfortable
temperature clean air and in order to
solve this problem we should firstly
more efficiently control these systems
which means that they should be on only
when there is need for that and where
there is need for that so not in all
building at all times and besides that
people should also get more aware so
they don’t work against those systems
one example would be that if we as
building users leave the window open
during the weekend all the heat will be
lost and the system will still try to
work and to get us to the set
temperature but will not be able to do
that so we should be aware and also
contribute to the savings as much as we
can here I show you example of two
projects where we apply the automated
control in buildings and basically these
were existing buildings for example at
the University of Groningen we have
applied smart heating control in 120
rooms and there this was just initial
algorithm we managed to save 16.5% on
the gas usage which was equivalent to
annually about 6000 euros so significant
savings then for the second project we
have applied a bit more advanced
algorithm so artificial intelligence
algorithm control where we actually
achieved 86 percent of savings for this
restaurant alone
and this actually result was published
in scientific journal of pervasive and
mobile computing so there we explain how
we managed to get such high savings so
it’s possible to save energy in
automated way but we should not forget
to bring the users in the loop because
we are also very important we can
contribute to resolving this problem so
what we did we made public dashboards
that actually provide us real-time
information and feedback so we know what
exactly are we using in regard to energy
that gives us also tips what can we do
to contribute to energy savings and we
installed these public dashboards
firstly at the University and city of
Groningen and there we saw a great
effect people started to talk more about
energy it became more important topic
and also organizations were able to
communicate how achieving those saving
targets are very important to them so it
was another communication mean towards
the building users so this is very
practical so you can see how we can
start collecting data and making our
buildings more smart but I would also
like to take you to a small journey and
think for a second how our future
buildings will look like and what will
they do so our future buildings existing
buildings may look pretty much the same
like they do now with some physical
improvements however from the inside
they will be digitalized so more data
will be collected from sensors and this
data will be transformed into knowledge
which can be used for smarter control
within buildings what will they be able
to do well these buildings will be able
to communicate with us so you can
imagine as a building owner coming to a
building and virtual assistant welcomes
you and says good morning your building
is comfortably heated to 21 degrees
Celsius today the outside temperature
will be higher than yesterday and the
of buildings are not used would you like
me to optimize your heating and save 15
to 20 percent and we could respond yes
please do optimise heating for the whole
building and then receive an answer your
heating has been optimized today you
will be saving about 300 euros for the
whole building so this future is very
close at this moment we can almost do
this and many more meaningful
conversation with our buildings will be
besides that buildings will also serve
us building users so they provide us
with our preferred temperature with our
enough light with other conditions that
can help us sustain sustain our health
for a long period of time
moreover they will be using resources in
optimal way so they will be saving
energy for us so we can also feel good
about that because we are working in
buildings that are not wasting energy
even going step further they will be
learning from how we use them from the
usage they will learn from our
conversations so they will be able to
predict and also proactively act so they
will provide us with ideal conditions
that we prefer without us even knowing
that or needing to intervene moreover
they will educate us and they will
inspire us so to make our every day more
fun and also that we can learn how we
can improve at our work at home and in
other places we can say that our
buildings will become smarter and there
will become more fun and more pleasant
to work and live in and moreover and
most importantly they will become a part
of climate solution instead of being
currently a part of climate problem so
they will bring our civilization to the
next level if you would like to work in
this kind of building and if you share
our vision share these ideas so let’s
make our
become reality very soon

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